|Sorbitol is low caloric refined sugar, which is produced from dextrose. Chemically it is hexahydric and is also known as hexatol, D-Glucitol and D- Sorbitol. Chemically, Sorbitol is a hexitol, C6H14O6. Sorbitol was first isolated from the juice Mountain Ash berry (Sorbus aucuparia L) in 1872. Later on it was also found in fresh apple, cherry, and plum as part of freshness. Today, Sorbitol is commercially prepared by high-pressure hydrogenation catalytic process. Sorbitol syrup has mild pleasant sweet taste, without bitter after taste. |
| SORBITOL |
| Specification: || || |
| || Non –Crystallizing Sorbitol || Crystallizing Sorbitol |
| Description || A clean colourless viscous liquid || A clear colourless viscous liquid |
| Taste |
Specific gravity at 25oC
| Mild Sweet |
| Mild Sweet |
| Refractive Index at 20oC || 1.455 to 1.465 || 1.457 to 1.462 |
| Acidity Or || *NMT 0.2 ml of 0.01 M Naoh or |
NMT 0.3 ml of 0.01M
HCL Solution as per specified test in I.P
| *NMT 0.2ml of 0.01M Naoh or NMT 0.3 ml of 0.01 M solution as per specified test in I.P |
| Reducing Sugar || *NLT 12.8ml of 0.05M Sodium thiosulphate solution should be consumed as per specified |
| *NLT 12.8ml of 0.05M Sodium thiosulphate solution should be consumed as per specified test in I.P |
| Optical Rotation || +1.5 0 to +3.5 0 |
(as per specified test in I.P.)
0 0 to +1.5 0 (as per specified test in I.P)
| Clarity & Colour || Clear and colourless || Clean and colourless |
| Arsenic || NMT 2 ppm || NMT 2ppm |
| Heavy Metals || NMT 10 ppm || NMT 10 PPM |
| Chloride || NMT 50 ppm || NMT 50 ppm |
| Sulphate || NMT 125 ppm || NMT 125 ppm |
| Nickel || NMT 1 ppm || NMT 1 ppm |
| Sulphated Ash || NMT 0.1 % W/W || NMT 0.1% W/W |
| Solid Matter || 68% to 72% W/W || 69% to 71% W/W |
| Polyols || NLT 62% W/W As D-Sorbitol |
*NMT = NOT MORE THAN
| 68% to 72% W/W As D- Sorbitol |
*NLT = NOT LESS THAN
| Oral Hygiene Formulations:|
Humectants retain water to maintain the paste in toothpaste. Humectants keep the solid and liquid phases of toothpaste together. They also can add a coolness and/or sweetness to the toothpaste; this makes toothpaste feel pleasant in the mouth when used. Most toothpastes use sorbitol as humectants. Sorbitol has resistance to fermentation caused by dental plaque bacteria.
Sorbitol is often used in modern cosmetics as a humectant and thickener. Some transparent gels can only be made with Sorbitol as it has a refractive index sufficiently high for transparent formulations. It is preferred in cosmetics, because in addition to its moisture stabilizing property, it is slippery and has emulsifying properties. It is non-toxic and leaves an agreeable coolness on the skin. It is a useful component of beauty creams, shampoos, shaving creams, lotions, soaps etc.
Sorbitol is widely utilized for diabetic foods. It is used to maintain the freshness in confectionary and bakery products, to preserve the colour and also improves the shelf life of canned fruits. It does not undergo milliards reaction. It is incorporated as per users requirements into various food items like toffees, biscuits, jams, jellies, chocolates, candies, fruit drinks, carbonated drinks, canned fruits etc.
Sorbitol is used as an ingredient in a number of pharmaceutical preparations like syrups, olixirs, sulpha-drugs, tonics, vitamins and amino acids-complex preparations, laxatives and ointments d for hepatic and diabetic diseases, SORBITOL injections are used.
SORBITOL is used as a softening agent to ensure better processing of fibres. Used in textile printing pastes and textile finishes. When SORBITOL is used it gives a sharp outline, better colour and sheen to the fabric.
SORBITOL increases the flexibility of paper, thus folding value is higher while the length of rupture and elongation does not change abnormally.
It can be used as cost effective replacement of propylene glycol in liquid paint.
In 300 kg HM HDPE barrels, 1 MT IBC and in ISO Tanks